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Our common ancestors - English Royal family - Contents


Charles I


Charles I (see here and here), born 1600,
reigned 1625-49,
mar Henrietta Maria de Bourbon [and here, dau of Henry IV, King of France, and descendant of Pope Felix V],
English Civil War 1642-51,
executed 1649 [Commonwealth 1649-60],
had issue:


  1. Charles II, born 1630, reigned 1660-85.

  2. Mary Stuart, born 1631, mar William II de Nassau, Prince of Orange and had issue:

    1. William III (see here), "William of Orange", Prince of Orange, Count of Nassau,
      mar Mary II,
      Williamite-Jacobite War 1689-91,
      reigned jointly (her 1689-94, him 1689-1702),
      "Flight of the Wild Geese" after 1691,
      Act of Settlement 1701,
      Penal Laws 1691-1778.

    
    
  3. James II (see here), born 1633, reigned 1685-8,
    mar 1stly to Anne Hyde and had issue:

    1. Mary II, mar William III,
      reigned jointly.

    2. Anne (see here), reigned 1702-14.
      Crown passed to the House of Hanover.

    mar 2ndly to Mary of Modena,
    deposed by William and Mary 1688 (supported by parliament) because of the threat of a Catholic succession by his issue by his second wife:

    1. James Stuart, The Old Pretender, born 1688, had issue:
      1. Charles Stuart, The Young Pretender, "Bonnie Prince Charlie".




Timeline of 1688-91 period



  June 1688   James II's son is born
  July        Parliament invites William of Orange to depose King James
  Dec         James leaves England

  Apr 1689    William and Mary crowned
              Siege of Derry begins

  July 1690   Battle of the Boyne

  July 1691   Battle of Aughrim
  Oct         Siege of Limerick
              Jacobite surrender, Treaty of Limerick



Names deriving from Orange



Other names


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