Kilkenny Castle was originally built by Strongbow 1172.
After the Butlers established their seat,
Kilkenny became one of the most
important towns in Ireland.
It was in the 1640s the Catholic Royalist capital of Ireland.
Its period of grandeur lasted until the 18th century, leaving behind one of the most beautiful towns in Ireland, with an unusual number of pre-18th century buildings and laneways.
In the 17th century,
James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
gave Kilkenny Castle
a wonderful, unfortified, French Chateau look.
(He had been in exile in France with
in the 1651-1660 period.)
But sadly in the 19th century, Kilkenny Castle was restored to a more brutal (and more commonplace, in Ireland) medieval defensive look.
The castle was seat of the Marquess of Ormonde until 1935.
Now owned by the state.
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