Sir John Hotham, 1st Baronet,
mar 1stly, 16 Feb 1607
[new style year,
at the time regarded as end of 1606]
to Katherine Rodes
[descendant of Edward III].
She died 1610 to 1614.
He mar 2ndly, 1614, to Anne Rokeby and had issue.
He mar 3rdly to Frances Legard.
He mar 4thly to Catharine Bamburgh.
He fought on continent in Thirty Years' War post-1618.
He was cr Baronet 4 Jan 1622 [new style year, at the time regarded as end of 1621].
He mar 5thly, 1635, to Sarah Anlaby.
Governor of Hull.
Start of Civil War, 1642:
Hotham was deprived of his office of Governor of Hull by Charles I in 1639.
He declared for the Parliamentarian cause.
He and his son John led Parliamentary forces that seized the arsenal at Hull, Jan 1642. He became the Military Governor of Hull.
It was in the pub Ye Olde White Harte in Hull in 1642 that he decided to bar the king from Hull.
This was an action which ultimately triggered the English Civil War.
In Apr 1642 he refused Charles I entry into the city of Hull. Charles I declared him a traitor.
This led to the Siege of Hull July 1642. This was the first major action of the English Civil War.
The Royalists failed to take the city.
Not long after in the war, he and his son John
fell out with the Parliamentarians.
They negotiated to join the Royalist side.
This was discovered and they were both arrested by the Parliamentarians, June 1643. They were eventually both executed.
He was beheaded on Tower Hill, London, 3 Jan 1645 [new style year, at the time regarded as end of 1644], age 56 yrs.
He was executed the day after his son.
See NPG pictures.
He had issue by 1st wife:
Window showing Sir John Hotham, 1st Baronet, Ye Olde White Harte, Hull.
Photo 2007. See full size.
Used with permission.
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