Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys,

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Our common ancestors - English Royal family - Contents

John of Gaunt

John of Gaunt.
Painting of c.1593 (200 years after his death). See details.
From here.
See full picture from here.

John of Gaunt (see here and here and here), Duke of Lancaster,
born Mar 1340,
mar 1stly, 1359 to Blanche Plantagenet [descendant of Henry III and of Aoife Mac Murrough],
through his wife he inherited Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire (later held by Robert Dudley),
Blanche died 1368, bur in the old St.Paul's Cathedral, London,
had issue by 1st wife:

  1. Elizabeth of Lancaster (see here),
    mar John de Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter and had issue.

  2. Henry IV, born 1366, succeeded 13th Oct 1399 (House of Lancaster).

he was the effective ruler late Edward III - early Richard II (1370s-80s),
his seat in London was the grand Savoy Palace on The Strand, London,
appears in Richard II by Shakespeare,
the TV movie Richard II (1978) has John Gielgud as John of Gaunt,
patron of John Wycliffe, the "Morning Star of the Reformation", who produced the first English translation of the Bible 1382,

mar 3rdly, 1396, to his long-time mistress Catherine Roet [born 1350], by whom he had already had illegitimate issue,
his children by Catherine Roet were legitimated by statute 1397 "for all purposes save succession to the crown" (i.e. this line is not in the Royal line of succession, but of course we have other Royal Descents),
Celebrity Net Worth estimates him as the 16th richest person in human history (adjusted for inflation),
he died 3rd Feb 1399, age 58 yrs,
bur in the old St.Paul's Cathedral, London,
see biography,
never king himself, but within months of his death his son became king,
Catherine died 10th May 1403, Lincoln, age 53 yrs,
bur Lincoln Cathedral,
he had issue by Catherine Roet:

  1. John de Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (see here), born 1373,
    mar Margaret Holland [descendant of Edward I and of Aoife Mac Murrough]
    and had issue:

    1. John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset (see here), born 1403,
      died 1444, title extinct, re-created for brother,
      had issue:

      1. Margaret Beaufort (see here),
        mar Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond and had issue (House of Tudor).

    2. Joan Beaufort (and here), born c.1404,
      mar 1stly, 1424, to James I, King of Scotland and had issue,
      mar 2ndly to Sir James Stewart and had issue.

    3. Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, born 1406.
      Title re-created 1448 after brother's death.

  2. Joan de Beaufort (see here),
    born Beaufort Castle, Anjou,
    mar 1stly, 1391, to Robert Ferrers, 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wem and had issue,
    mar 2ndly, 1396, to Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland and had issue.

Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, 2003.
From here. See more images.

The Strand, London, on Norden's map of Westminster, 1593.
Note the site of Savoy Palace ("The Savoy") on the river.
See full size.
From London Maps and Panoramas.

Tomb of John of Gaunt, St.Paul's Cathedral, London

Tomb of John of Gaunt (died 1399) and his 1st wife Blanche Plantagenet (died 1368).
In the old St.Paul's Cathedral, London.
The cathedral and the tomb were totally destroyed in the Great Fire of London 1666.

The lost tomb of John of Gaunt and his wife Blanche, old St.Paul's Cathedral, London.
From pp.90-91 (in Latin) of The history of St. Paul's Cathedral in London by William Dugdale, 1658.
See full size. From Wikipedia.
Originally from Wenceslaus Hollar Digital Collection at University of Toronto. See page and image.

Close-up of above.
See full size.
See other scan from above.

From p.47 of the book above.

List of the tombs lost in the fire of 1666.
This is a modern monument in the new St.Paul's Cathedral.
Above is the section listing the 14th century tombs of John of Gaunt and his wife Blanche.
See full size. From here.


Tomb of Catherine Roet, Lincoln Cathedral

Tomb of Catherine Roet (died 1403) and her dau Joan Beaufort (died 1440), Lincoln Cathedral.

Tomb of Catherine Roet and her dau Joan Beaufort, Lincoln Cathedral.
Photo 2008. See larger and full size.
From Gordon Plumb. Used with permission.

Tomb of Catherine Roet and her dau Joan Beaufort, Lincoln Cathedral.
Photo 2008. See full size.
From Lauren Elliott. Used with permission.

The tomb of Catherine Roet.
Drawing dated 1809.
From here.

Joan Beaufort on LHS. Catherine Roet on RHS.
Photo 2008. See full size.
From Lauren Elliott. Used with permission.

Catherine Roet's tomb, close-up.
Photo 2010. See larger and full size.
From here. Used with permission.

Catherine Roet's tomb, close-up.
Photo 2008. See full size.
From Lauren Elliott. Used with permission.

The joint tomb of Catherine Roet and Joan Beaufort in Lincoln Cathedral.
1640 drawing.
This is the tomb before it was despoiled by the Roundheads in 1644 in the English Civil War.
From here.

In Act 2, Scene 1 of Richard II, John of Gaunt is given the immortal lines:

This royal throne of kings, this scepter'd isle,
This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars,
This other Eden, demi-paradise,
This fortress built by Nature for herself
Against infection and the hand of war,
This happy breed of men, this little world,
This precious stone set in the silver sea,
Which serves it in the office of a wall,
Or as a moat defensive to a house,
Against the envy of less happier lands,
This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England

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