First War of Scottish Independence:
In 1296, after a lengthy dispute over the Scottish succession, England under Edward I invaded Scotland, and claimed dominion over Scotland.
This began what is now called the First War of Scottish Independence (first phase 1296-1314).
Wallace emerged as one of the Scottish leaders in 1297.
He achieved a major victory at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297.
But he suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298.
The Scottish-English war continued for years.
Wallace was captured in 1305.
He was executed by Edward I in London, 23 Aug 1305.
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