Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

My wife's ancestors - Craufurd - Contents


Seal of William Wallace on the Lubeck letter of 1297.
"Sir Malcolm Wallace" was the traditional name for Wallace's father.
But this is signed "William, son of Alan Wallace".

Alan Wallace,
of Ayrshire.
He mar Margaret Crawford [dau of Sheriff of Ayrshire].
They had issue:

  1. William Wallace, born c.1270.
    Hero of Scottish independence.
    His father died early.
    His uncle Sir Reginald Craufurd, 4th Sheriff of Ayrshire was supposed to have been a father figure to him.

    First War of Scottish Independence:
    In 1296, after a lengthy dispute over the Scottish succession, England under Edward I invaded Scotland, and claimed dominion over Scotland.
    This began what is now called the First War of Scottish Independence (first phase 1296-1314).
    Wallace emerged as one of the Scottish leaders in 1297.
    He achieved a major victory at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297.
    But he suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298.
    The Scottish-English war continued for years.

    Wallace was captured in 1305.
    He was executed by Edward I in London, 23 Aug 1305.

The movie Braveheart

One of the most inaccurate movies ever made.
At the start of Braveheart, the narrator speaks.
After 20 seconds he claims Edward I was a "pagan".

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