Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

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Our common ancestors - Herbert - Contents


Woronzow

  

Spelling

"Vorontsov" is the correct Russian spelling, and the most common spelling for the wider family.
Pronounced "Voron-tsov".
Other spellings seen are "Voronzov" and "Vorontzov".
But this branch, who lived in England, was normally spelt "Woronzow" in England.


Count Semyon Vorontsov, Russian Ambassador to England.
Portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c.1805-06.
At The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.
From Wikimedia Commons.



Count Semyon Vorontsov,
or Count Simon Woronzow,
born 1744.
He came from one of the great aristocratic families of Russia, the Vorontsov family.
Russian diplomat in England 1784-1796.
Russian Ambassador to England 1796-1806.
His daughter married the 11th Earl of Pembroke (the British Ambassador to Vienna) in 1808.
He continued to live in London.
He died 1832, age 88 yrs.
He was bur in the Pembroke family vault in Marylebone, London.
He had issue:


  1. Prince Mikhail Vorontsov,
    or Prince Michael Woronzow,
    born 1782, St. Petersburg.
    Fought for Russians in Napoleon's retreat from Moscow 1812 to 1813.
    He recovered Napoleon's despatch case as a trophy. (This is now in the Earl of Pembroke's house, Wilton House.)
    Russia was an ally of Britain against France at this time.
    Mikhail was appointed commander of the Russian forces in Wellington's allied army in 1815.
    Governor-general of Novorossia (New Russia) and Bessarabia 1823.
    He set up his court at Odessa, which he helped develop.
    He built Vorontsov's Palace, Odessa, 1827-30.
    He built Vorontsov's Palace (or Alupka Palace), Alupka, near Yalta, Crimea, Ukraine, 1828-46.
    Governor-general (Viceroy) of the Caucasus 1844.
    Elevated to rank of Prince 1845.
    Incredibly, his nephew Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea was British Secretary of State for War 1845-46 and again 1852-55, during the Crimean War 1853-56, when Britain was allied with France against Russia. Incredible to have two such important men on either side so closely related.
    He died 1856, Odessa, age 74 yrs.
    He was bur Odessa Cathedral.
    There is an 1863 statue of him in Sobor Square beside Odessa Cathedral. See map and 360 view.


  2. Catherine Woronzow,
    or "Ekaterina Semenovna Vorontsova",
    born 24 Oct 1783, St. Petersburg.
    "The Russian Countess".
    Her husband called her "Catishka".
    She mar 25 Jan 1808 to George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke and had issue.
    They mar at the Greek Chapel, Marylebone, London.





Charles Greville meets the widowed Lady Pembroke in 1829.
He says about her father (still alive): "Old Woronzow was Ambassador here many years, has lived here ever since, and never learnt a word of English."
Diary entry of 3 Dec 1829. From p.250 of vol.1 of A Journal of the Reigns of King George IV and King William IV, Charles Greville, 3rd edn, 1875.



Woronzow Road, St. John's Wood, London.
From 1868 map.
This is named after Count Simon Woronzow, Russian Ambassador to England, who apparently lived here before it was built up.
It is near Regent's Park. See modern map.



Prince Mikhail Vorontsov.
Portrait by George Dawe 1825.
At The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia.
From wikimedia.org.






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