Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.


Our common ancestors - Herbert - Contents

George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke

11th Earl, 1780.
Portrait by Jean-Baptiste Greuze
This is one of the two Greuze portraits.
Used here with the kind permission of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.

George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke
and 8th Earl of Montgomery, K.G.,
born 10 Sept 1759.
See thepeerage and and wikipedia and wikitree and historyofparliamentonline.

He was educ Harrow. He was there by at least 1770. (Earlier Harrow records do not exist.) He left 1775.
Entered the Army as an Ensign 10 Sept 1775 (age 16).
He went on an extensive Grand Tour 1775-80. See itinerary in [PP, vol.1, Appendix B]. He visited much of Western Europe, and also Eastern Europe and Russia (he later had a Russian wife).
He became a Captain Jan 1778.
He became a Major 1781.
He became a Lieutenant Colonel 1782.

He mar 1stly, 8th Apr 1787 [him age 27, her age 20] to his 1st cousin Elizabeth Beauclerk [born 20 August 1766, descendant of Charles II].
Elizabeth died after childbirth, 25 Mar 1793, age 26 yrs.
She was bur 3 Apr 1793 at Wilton.
11th Earl had issue by 1st wife:

  1. George Herbert,
    born 26 March 1788,
    died 5 July 1793, at Wilton, age 5 yrs.

  2. Diana Herbert, born 5 Feb 1790.
    She mar 17 May 1816 to Welbore Agar, 2nd Earl of Normanton [born 1778] and had issue.

  3. Robert Herbert, 12th Earl of Pembroke (and 9th Earl of Montgomery),
    born 19 Sept 1791.
    Mother died when he was an infant. Father did not marry again until Robert was age 16.
    He was educ Harrow.
    He was educ Christ Church, Oxford.
    He lived a chaotic life with an annulled marriage and many illegitimate children.
    His father left most of his disposable property not to Robert but to the younger son Sidney.
    He succ as Earl when his father died 1827.
    He died Paris, 25 Apr 1862, age 70 yrs.

  4. Charles Herbert,
    born 9 Mar 1793.
    His mother died after his birth, 25 Mar 1793.
    He died 1798, age 5 yrs.

George lived as a widower for nearly 15 years, with two surviving children.
He became a Colonel 1793.
Served at Siege of Valenciennes, NE France, June-July 1793.
He succ as 11th Earl when his father died Jan 1794.
He became a Major-General 1795.
He was executor of his half-brother Reebkomp's will when Reebkomp died 1797. He took care of Reebkomp's two children after his death and paid for them.
He employed James Wyatt to modernise Wilton 1801 to 1816 (completed after Wyatt's death). Built cloisters around inner courtyard.
He became a Lieutenant-General 1802.
K.G. 1805.
Ambassador to Vienna 1807.

He mar 2ndly, 25th Jan 1808 [him age 48, her age 24] to Catherine Woronzow [born 24th Oct 1783].
He became a General 1812.
He settled postmarital contract of his niece Elizabeth Montgomery to Arthur Gibbon 1815.
Inherited vast estate in Dublin city, 1816:
He somewhat unexpectedly inherited the spectacular Fitzwilliam estates of Dublin city from his father's 1st cousin the 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam in 1816. He travelled to Dublin 1816 to inspect his property.
The area became called "Pembroke" as a result.
See Letter of 22 Aug 1822 from him to his niece Elizabeth Montgomery.

11th Earl dies, 1827:
His will dated 28 Apr 1826. Codicil 28 June 1827.
He died 26 Oct 1827, after a long illness, at the town house, Pembroke House, London, age 68 yrs.
See Letter of 7 Nov 1827 that his nephew George Montgomery wrote from Pembroke House after his uncle's death.
The 11th Earl was buried at Wilton parish church. See grave.
Will pr at London, 12 Nov 1827, Prerogative Court of Canterbury.

Catherine and her son Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea built in 1845 the spectacular new Italianate parish church at Wilton, the church of St Mary and St Nicholas, West Street, Wilton (see map and street view).
There were a number of older churches in Wilton. The new church was built on the site of the former church of St Nicholas (which was already in ruins in 15th cent).
The old St.Mary's parish church was partially demolished after 1845. But part of it survives, off North St, on the Market Place, Wilton (see street view). Monuments were moved from this to the new church.

Catherine dies, 1856:
Her will is dated 29 July 1853.
She died 27 Mar 1856, 1 Grafton Street, Middlesex (London), age 72 yrs.
She was bur 3 Apr 1856 at Wilton parish church.
Her will pr 30 May 1856, Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
11th Earl had issue by 2nd wife:

  1. Elizabeth Herbert, born 1809.
    She mar 1830 to Richard Meade, 3rd Earl of Clanwilliam [born 1795] and had issue.
    See "E. Clanwilliam" in Gibbon autographs. Elizabeth Gibbon is 1st cousin of Elizabeth Herbert.

  2. Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, born 16 Sept 1810.
    Ancestor of later Earls of Pembroke.

  3. Mary Herbert, born 1813.
    She married George Brudenell-Bruce, 2nd Marquess of Ailesbury. No issue.

  4. Catherine Herbert, born 31 October 1814.
    She married Alexander Murray, 6th Earl of Dunmore and had issue.
    See "C. Dunmore" in Gibbon autographs. Elizabeth Gibbon is 1st cousin of Catherine Herbert.

  5. Georgiana Herbert, born 1817.
    She married Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 4th Marquess of Lansdowne. No issue.

  6. Emma Herbert, born 1819.
    She mar 1839 to Thomas Vesey, 3rd Viscount de Vesci and had issue.

11th Earl, age 20, painted 1779 in Rome on Grand Tour, by Pompeo Batoni.
From Wikipedia.


Catherine Woronzow


Catherine Woronzow.
Portrait by Henry Raeburn, 1810s.
From Wikimedia Commons. Original from here.

Graves at Wilton church

Grave of 11th Earl. Monument by Westmacott. Wilton parish church.
See larger and full size.
From jmc4 on Flickr. Used with permission.
See wider shot and full size. From here.

Tomb of Catherine Woronzow, Wilton parish church.
Photo 1999. See full size.
From jmc4 on Flickr. Used with permission.
See wider shot and full size. From here.


The Complete Peerage


11th Earl in [Complete Peerage].
This incorrectly writes Diana Spencer as sister of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, rather than dau.
The year of the 11th Earl's will is also incorrect.

Sources yet to be consulted


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