Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys,
Liam Cosgrave (see here).
Fine Gael TD 1943-81:
His father W.T. Cosgrave was leader of Fine Gael (Leader of the Opposition) until 1944.
Liam followed him into politics and was elected TD in 1943 general election (age 23).
Fine Gael TD for Dublin County 1943-48.
Fine Gael TD for Dun Laoghaire 1948-81.
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Industry and Commerce in the Inter-Party Government of 1948-51.
Minister for External Affairs 1954-57:
Liam was Minister for External Affairs in Fine Gael/Labour coalition, 1954-57.
Ireland joined UN 1955. Liam addressed UN General Assembly 1956.
Senior Counsel 1958.
Leader of Fine Gael 1965-77.
Leader of the opposition 1965-73.
Taoiseach 1973-77: |
Fine Gael and Labour won enough seats in 1973 election to form a coalition.
Liam was Prime minister of Ireland (Taoiseach) in Fine Gael/Labour coalition, 1973-77.
Negotiated the Sunningdale power-sharing agreement, Dec 1973. This was the only serious attempt to solve the Northern Ireland problem before the Good Friday power-sharing agreement of 1998. Sunningdale was brought down in 1974 by the loyalist strike, and bombs in Dublin and Monaghan. Nothing as ambitious was tried again for 20 years.
Liam famously voted against his own government's
Family Planning Bill in July 1974
to legalise the sale of
(Contraception had been banned in 1935.
The ban was ruled unconstitutional in 1973.)
The Bill failed.
(Contraception was later legalised for married people in
and for unmarried people in
TD until 1981 when he retired.
Succeeded as TD for Dun Laoghaire by his son Liam T. Cosgrave.
See his election record.
He had a long retirement and was the longest lived Irish head of government ever. (Though many international heads of government have lived longer.)
See Liam at launch of plaque to his father, 2013.
See Liam at launch of biography of his father, 2014.
Vera died 15 Sept 2016, age 90 yrs.
Liam died 4 Oct 2017, age 97 yrs.
Funeral 7 Oct 2017, burial at Goldenbridge.
Liam and Vera had issue:
Liam Cosgrave attacking English-born journalist Bruce Arnold, at the Fine Gael Ard Fheis, shortly before the 1977 election.
From the Reeling in the Years series.
W.T. Cosgrave opened Ardnacrusha Power Station in 1929. He was accompanied by his family.
His son Liam Cosgrave, who had been at the opening in 1929, returned to Ardnacrusha in 2012 for a ceremony to mark the 85th anniversary of the establishment of the ESB in 1927.
Jump to 16:20 here.
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