John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland (see here and here), born 1504,
mar 1525 to Jane Guildford
[born 1509, dau of Sir Edward Guildford].
He was cr Viscount Lisle 1543.
Lord High Admiral (head of the Royal Navy) 1543-47. He re-organised the English navy.
He became one of the Protestant leaders at the court of Henry VIII.
Henry VIII died January 1547.
Dudley and Edward Seymour
became the leaders of the regency of the
boy king Edward VI (reigned 1547-53).
He was cr Earl of Warwick 1547.
Lord High Admiral 1549-50.
He defeated Kett's Rebellion Aug 1549.
He overthrew Edward Seymour in Oct 1549.
He became Lord President of the Council Feb 1550. He effectively ruled England 1550-53.
He was cr Duke of Northumberland 1551.
Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1552-53.
Lady Jane Grey plot and execution, 1553:
As Edward VI was dying with no heir, Dudley planned to make his daughter-in-law, the teenage Lady Jane Grey, Queen of England, and hence to effectively rule himself. Edward VI named her as his successor in June 1553.
Edward VI died 6 July 1553. Jane was Queen for 9 days in July 1553, but was rapidly deposed by Mary.
After Lady Jane's fall, Dudley tried to escape execution by renouncing Protestantism, saying "A living dog is better than a dead lion". This earned widespread contempt. Lady Jane said: "I pray God I, nor no friend of mine die so".
Like his father back in 1510, he was
executed (beheaded) at Tower Hill,
22 Aug 1553, age 49 yrs,
bur in the Chapel Royal of St. Peter ad Vincula in the Tower of London, no monument.
Jane Guildford died 1555, age 46 yrs.
Dudley and Jane Guildford had issue:
John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland.
From Tudor Place.
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