Kevin Barry, the patriot,
On 20 Sept 1920 he took part in an IRA attack on British Army soldiers in Dublin that killed 3 British soldiers.
The British Army party was collecting bread from the bakery of "Patrick Monks and Co." [Thom's, 1919] at the junction of Church St and N King St, Dublin (see map). The intention was to steal their rifles, but shooting broke out. The IRA men killed 3 British soldiers (Harold Washington, Marshall Whitehead and Thomas Humphries).
These were the first British military deaths of the War of Independence.
Kevin Barry's gun jammed and he hid under a truck during the firefight. His comrades withdrew and he was captured hiding under the truck. He was abused in custody but refused to reveal the names of the others.
Kevin Barry was hanged at Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, 1st Nov 1920, age 18 yrs.
It was the first execution of the War of Independence. He became a symbol of Irish martyrdom.
Patricia Lavelle, age 22 at the time, says: "With the rest of the Cumann na mBan, I stood outside the prison walls in the cold dawn of that frosty fog-laden morning. We said the rosary aloud that his soul might pass in peace".
He was buried in grounds of Mountjoy.
He was re-buried with a state funeral in the Republican plot in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin, in 2001.
New grave of Kevin Barry, Glasnevin.
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