To be specific, to get to the present Royal family from Edward III, the Royal line had to pass through female lines no less than 7 times. Most times the surname changed, though sometimes the wife's surname was kept. The 7 changes into female lines were:
This is a lot of female lines and name changes. For comparison:
In short, the current Royal line is the product of a series of political decisions rather than being ordained naturally by descent. Nowhere is this illustrated more clearly than in the extraordinary succession of the House of Hanover.
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