Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke.
Portrait c.1635-40. By Van Dyck
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke
and 1st Earl of Montgomery, K.G.,
born 16th Oct 1584.
His father died 1601.
His older brother
became 3rd Earl of Pembroke.
mar 1stly, 27th Dec 1604, to Susan de Vere
[born 26th May 1587, descendant of Edward I
Earl of Pembroke and Earl of Montgomery 1630-50:
He succ as Earl of Pembroke, Apr 1630.
mar 2ndly, 1 June 1630 [her age 41], to
[born 30th Jan 1589,
Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset].
employed Inigo Jones
to spectacularly rebuild Wilton House starting 1635.
Laid out formal gardens to the S of the house,
on both the near and far banks of the river.
planted the Cedars of Lebanon
in the grounds 1630s.
Massive group portrait
of him and all of his family,
by Van Dyck,
1634-36, dominates the
Double Cube Room, Wilton House.
There is a family bible dated 1638.
He was Chancellor of Oxford University 1641-43 and 1648-50.
Isaac de Caus' designs for the gardens at Wilton c.1645
See 1647 signature.
Much of Wilton House was destroyed in a fire 1647.
Carried on building.
Wilton was described by Charles I
[executed 1649] as "One of the loveliest Houses in England".
Neither 4th Earl nor Inigo Jones [died 1652] lived to see
the completion of the work in 1653.
died 23 Jan 1650, age 65 yrs, buried in Salisbury Cathedral.
Anne died 22 Mar 1676
[using [NJ] format], age 87 yrs.
See Connections to Shakespeare.
4th Earl had issue by 1st wife:
- Anna Sophia Herbert,
born est c.1610,
mar 27th Feb 1625 to
Robert Dormer, 1st Earl of Carnarvon
born 1610] and had issue,
he was 2nd Baron Dormer,
he was cr 1st Earl of Carnarvon 1628,
he was a Royalist, killed in
First Battle of Newbury
she died 1694, age est c.84 yrs.
- Catherine Herbert, died young.
- Mary Herbert, died unmarried.
- James Herbert, died in infancy, bur 1617.
- Henry Herbert, died in infancy, bur 1618.
- Charles Herbert,
bapt 19 Sept 1619,
mar 8 January 1634 [him age 14, her age 12]
to Mary Villiers [born 1622],
he died of smallpox, Jan 1635, age 15 yrs.
- Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke,
bapt 20th Feb 1621.
- William Herbert.
- James Herbert (second James).
- John Herbert.
The three girls on
Cecil tomb at Westminster Abbey
three surviving daughters of Anne Cecil
(Elizabeth, Bridget and Susan de Vere).
Susan de Vere is the youngest (on far right).
See full size
and other shot
Bridget de Vere (left) and Susan de Vere (right)
on the Cecil tomb at
See full size.
Anne Clifford, "circa 1650 (circa 1646)".
After Sir Peter Lely.
Signature of 4th Earl,
document of 30 Nov 1647.
Order addressed to Thomas Fauconberg,
to pay Sir Dudley Carleton £50.
Also signed "Northumberland" by Algernon Percy, Earl of Northumberland,
(must be William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury),
"Hen: Mildmay" by Sir Henry Mildmay
and "Cor: Holland" by Cornelius Holland.
With Signed receipt on the reverse by Dudley Carleton.
For sale here
, 9 July 2019.
Notes on dating:
- The front has:
- Date in the body of the text of apparently 1643 altered to 1623.
- Signature date of apparently 30 Nov 1647 altered to 1627.
- The back has:
- Date of Dec 1647 (not altered).
- A 1627 signature does not make sense, since the 4th Earl was only "Montgomery" at this date and not "Pembroke and Montgomery".
- The back shows that 1647 is the correct date for the signature.
What probably happened was the date in the body of the text was wrong and someone corrected it,
and accidentally corrected the signature date too.
The Herbert family had a number of connections with
- It is reputed that Shakespeare and his players first performed
As You Like It (1600)
Twelfth Night (prob. 1601)
Wiltshire, also claims a particular spot as the place where
As You Like It was first performed.)
- Shakespeare's sonnets
were dedicated to
"Mr. W. H."
This has been identified with
William Herbert, the 3rd Earl.
See the short story
The Portrait of Mr. W. H.
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories
by Oscar Wilde.
- Some people have suggested that the
3rd Earl of Pembroke
is the model for the
and that his lover
- The first folio edition of Shakespeare's plays (pub posthumously 1623)
is dedicated to the 3rd and 4th Earls of Pembroke.
The Herbert family also had a number of connections with
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
who some have claimed is the real Shakespeare
(Most professional historians and academics reject this theory.)
- De Vere's unhappy wife Anne Cecil
had once been intended for Lady Pembroke's
brother Sir Philip Sidney.
Anne married de Vere in 1571,
and he treated her badly.
- Sidney (still then unmarried) and de Vere had a famous quarrel in 1579.
- The 3rd Earl of Pembroke
was apparently engaged to de Vere's daughter
(must be Bridget)
at some time, before marrying another in Nov 1604.
- The 4th Earl
married de Vere's daughter Susan in Dec 1604.