Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

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Cosgrave




Cosgrave of Co.Wexford

[Jordan, 2006] says Cosgrave were from Kilrush parish, near Bunclody (Newtownbarry), Co.Wexford.
Liam Cosgrave thought they were from Askamore, Carnew par, some way E of Bunclody, Co.Wexford (see map). He was shown a Cosgrave gravestone in or near Askamore which was said to be related.

The family story is that a Cosgrave was executed in the 1798 Rising and the family moved to Co.Kildare.
Liam Cosgrave thought he was executed at Carnew, just over the border in Co.Wicklow.
Note a massacre of rebel prisoners took place at Carnew in May 1798.




Graveyard at Askamore, Co.Wexford, on 1887 to 1913 map.
See modern street view.



1798 memorial at Carnew, Co.Wicklow.
From here. Creative Commons.
See street view.


  

Cosgrave of Co.Kildare

The story is that after a Cosgrave of Co.Wexford was executed in the 1798 Rising, the family moved to Co.Kildare.
We start with:
  

Patrick Cosgrave.
He mar Mary Nolan.
He lived Castledermot, in the far S of Co.Kildare (on Co.Carlow border).
Younger children baptised in 1851 to 1863 in Castledermot RC parish.
He must be "Patrick Cosgrave" who is listed in [Griffiths Valuation, 1852] as holding 8 acres (with no house) at Knockaphuca, Castledermot par (near Castledermot town). His house must be elsewhere.
She must be "Mary Cosgrove" who is listed in [Griffiths Valuation, 1852] in a small house (plot 6) on Main St, Castledermot.
Patrick and Mary had issue:
  
  1. Philip Cosgrave,
    eldest son, born 1847.
    He is listed at Castledermot in 1900 census.
    Listed as farmer at death.
    He died 5 Aug 1930, Castledermot, age 83 yrs. See death cert.
    He was buried at "the family burial grounds" at Levitstown, W of Castledermot.
    This might be Tankardstown graveyard, Co.Laois, on W side of Levitstown (see modern satellite view).
    See funeral list in Irish Independent, August 8, 1930.


  2. Thomas Cosgrave,
    second son, bapt 5 Aug 1854 [Castledermot RC par records].
    Ran pub in Dublin.
    Father of W.T. Cosgrave, the first Prime Minister of Ireland ("President").


  3. Patrick Cosgrave,
    born 9 May 1863, Castledermot, youngest son,
    bapt 10 May 1863 [Castledermot RC par records].
    Uncle of the President W.T. Cosgrave.
    He was shot dead by Republicans during the Civil War, Sat 30 Sept 1922, age 59 yrs.

    The killing of Patrick Cosgrave, 1922:
    In late 1922, Patrick Cosgrave was helping his sister-in-law run the Cosgrave/Burke pub, 174 James's St, Dublin, after her 2nd husband's death.
    It seems that Republicans decided to target the pub for robbery because it was the Cosgrave (Free State) pub.
    The pub was robbed on Mon 25 Sept 1922 by eight armed men, who said they were "Republicans .. fighting for Ireland".
    On Sat 30 Sept 1922, the pub was raided again, by four armed men. Irish Independent says these were different men to before. They apparently planned to just rob the pub, but Patrick Cosgrave put up resistance and they shot him dead.
    See account in Freemans Journal, 2 Oct 1922.
    Also account in Irish Independent, 2 Oct 1922.







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