Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys,
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is now Booterstown and surrounds,
down to Blackrock and up to Mount Merrion.
The Thorn Castle building itself probably stood near Blackrock.
[Ball, vol.2, 1903] says that in the 18th century the bridge over the stream at the entrance to Blackrock (see map) was called Thorncastle Bridge, and this may be where the old castle stood.
Thorn Castle and Booterstown were
Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam, Kt
in 16th century.
1st Viscount Fitzwilliam was cr Baron Fitzwilliam of Thorncastle 1629.
The grant of Thorncastle, Booterstown and other lands to 2nd Viscount was reaffirmed 1666.
In the 18th century
was built into a house
that went for some time by the name "Booterstown Castle"
but was later called "St.Mary's".
Booterstown Castle survives inside "St.Mary's" today.
Booterstown on John Rocque's map of Dublin, 1757.
Booterstown Ave is called "Merrion Lane".
Cross Ave is called "Black Rock Avenue".
The lower part of Mount Merrion Ave exists. (From other maps we know the upper part does not yet exist at this time.)
Note the old Catholic chapel ("Mass House", built 1686) on Booterstown Ave.
Booterstown ("Butterstown") in [Taylor and Skinner, 1777].
most of SE suburban Dublin (outside the city centre), survived through the Penal times due to the protection of the Fitzwilliams, who stayed Catholic through the 1600s.
A plaque on the RHS wall of the current Booterstown church
lists "Rev. James Cahill" as Roman Catholic parish priest of
Booterstown, Donnybrook and Dundrum
(in the time of the 1st Viscount)
[Ball, vol.2, 1903] says that as at 1630, "Rev. John" Cahill was acting as Roman Catholic priest for Donnybrook, Ringsend, Irishtown, Booterstown, Blackrock, Stillorgan, Kilmacud and Dundrum, under the protection of the Fitzwilliams and the Walshes, and "was able to perform the services of his church without interference".
[Lyng, 2000] also has him as "Rev. John" Cahill, says there was no church at this time, he stayed with the Fitzwilliams and said mass at Merrion and Dundrum.
The plaque at Booterstown shows a continuous line of parish priests from 1616 through the penal years to the present day.
The old Roman Catholic chapel at Booterstown
was built 1686
(in the time of the
making this now one of the oldest
continuous Roman Catholic churches in Ireland.
Although the 5th Viscount finally conformed in 1710, the penal laws never really ran in the Fitzwilliam territory of South Dublin.
There is reputed to have been an old mass tunnel (hiding and escape route for priests) in the Deer Park at Mount Merrion.
The Catholic parish register started in 1755 (temp 6th Viscount).
The name "St.Mary's" - The old name for the Booterstown church was "St.Mary's". This might derive as a replacement for the old Donnybrook church "St.Mary's". The Booterstown Castle house was named "St.Mary's", apparently because the parish priest lived there. The site of Merrion Castle is also now "St.Mary's".
The present Booterstown Catholic church on Booterstown Ave was built 1812 (on the site of the old chapel) by the 7th Viscount for his Catholic tenants.
The founding of the Catholic Sisters of Mercy convent and school beside Booterstown church in 1838 was contributed to by Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, heir of the Fitzwilliams and frequent resident at Mount Merrion.
The high cross outside Booterstown church was erected c.1868 from a sum of money left to the church by a servant lady from the Pembroke estate.
Plaque inside the Catholic church at Booterstown (on RHS) showing the parish priests.
Photo 2013. See full size.
Pages 7-8 of the 1826 (posthumous) edition of Lettres d'Atticus, written in French by the 7th Viscount.
This notes that, although Protestant, he spent a large sum building a Catholic church at Booterstown for his tenants.
For a full list see
So the 17th century Fitzwilliam protection was ultimately the origin of just about all of the Catholic churches of this massive area of SE Co.Dublin, containing half a million people, and probably the single most influential area in Ireland.