Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

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My wife's ancestors - Cecil - Contents

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.
Portrait by unknown artist. He wears his robes of a Knight of the Garter.
This is a picture from the NPG used at Wikimedia Commons. NPG has said low-resolution images can be used.

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (see here and here and here),
born 18th Sept 1520,
for 40 years chief secretary of state to Elizabeth I,
has been described as the "chief architect of Elizabethan greatness".
He was educ St.John's College, Cambridge.
He mar 1stly to Mary Cheke and had issue:

  1. Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter (see here), born 1542,
    inherited Burghley House, Lincolnshire,
    ancestor of Marquess of Exeter.

He mar 2ndly, 1546, to Mildred Cooke [born 1526, descendant of King John].
Chancellor of University of Cambridge 1560.
He built London town house, Cecil House, The Strand (later called Burghley House) 1560.
He was cr Baron Burghley 1571. Also K.G.
He built country seat, Burghley House, Lincolnshire 1587.

Mildred died 4 Apr 1589, at their townhouse, Burghley House, The Strand, London, age 63 yrs,
bur with her dau Anne in Cecil tomb at Westminster Abbey.

Burghley died 4th Aug 1598, age 77 yrs, at Burghley House, The Strand.
Most sources say he was buried at St. Martin's church, Stamford, Lincolnshire, where there is a monument.
Though [Brayley, vol.2, 1823] says he was buried in the Cecil tomb at Westminster Abbey.
See Portraits of 1st Baron Burghley.
He had issue by 2nd wife:

  1. Anne Cecil (see here), born 5th Dec 1556,
    mar Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford and had issue.

  2. Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury (see here), born 1563,
    mar 1589 to Elizabeth Brooke,
    succ to his father's job as Elizabeth's chief minister,
    in later years of Elizabeth's reign, he developed contacts with James VI, King of Scotland, which led to James succeeding Elizabeth in 1603,
    [Aubrey's "Brief Lives"] says he was a lover of Lady Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke [his niece Susan de Vere would marry her son the 4th Earl of Pembroke in 1604],
    cr Viscount Cranborne (NOT Cranbourne) 1604,
    cr Earl of Salisbury 1605,
    built Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, from 1608,
    died 1612, ancestor of Marquess of Salisbury.

Birth of Anne Cecil in 1556, on Cecil tomb at Westminster Abbey.

Death of Mildred in 1589 at Burghley House, Westminster, London.
On Cecil tomb at Westminster Abbey.

Tomb of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, Stamford, Lincolnshire.
Picture credit Tudor Place.

Mildred Cooke

Mildred Cooke, c.1565.
See full size. From Tudor Place.

Effigy of Mildred Cooke (foreground).
Cecil tomb at Westminster Abbey.
Effigy of her daughter Anne Cecil in background.
Photo 2012. See full size and wider shot.

Cecil House, The Strand (later Burghley House, Exeter House)


Cecil House (later called Burghley House and then Exeter House), N side of The Strand, London.
London town house of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.
Built as "Cecil House" 1560.
Became known as "Burghley House" after he was created Baron Burghley 1571.
His wife Mildred Cooke died there 1589.
Burghley died there 1598.
It became residence of his son the Earl of Exeter. Became known as "Exeter House".
It was replaced 1676 by Exeter Exchange.
See "Exeter Change", Exeter St and Burleigh St on 1792-99 map.
Exeter Exchange was demolished 1829.
The site is now Strand Palace Hotel.

The Strand, London, on Norden's map of Westminster, 1593.
Note "Burleigh House" on N side of The Strand.
See full size.
From London Maps and Panoramas.

Portraits of 1st Baron Burghley




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