Charles Joseph Kickham, bapt 5 May 1828,
He was involved in the abortive Young Irelanders' rising
in Co.Tipperary, July 1848 (age 20).
The Mullinahone police station was briefly captured by the rebels.
After the failure of the rising at Ballingarry, Co.Tipperary (N of Mullinahone, see map) he was forced to hide for a time.
His poem The harvest moon (1850)
is about the tenants harvesting by night, when by law the landlord could not seize their crops in lieu of rent.
He fell in love with Bessy Blunden, young dau of local Protestant gentry, but she married another 1854. He wrote to her a poem The last dream.
He wrote poems and ballads for Irish national periodicals, such as The Nation, The Irishman, and The Celt.
The Irish peasant girl (alias She lived beside the Anner) is regarded by many as his best poem.
George Cashel (husband of his 1st cousin Mary Kickham) was head of the police in Mullinahone 1855-58. Wonder how they got on. George was transferred out of Co.Tipperary in 1858, possibly because Kickham was becoming of such concern to the authorities.
He joined the Fenians (the IRB) end 1860 - start 1861 [Comerford, 1979]. Though he would not take the secret oath, believing it should be a public movement.
He sp bapt of his niece Josie Cleary Apr 1861.
Fenian paper the Irish People launched Nov 1863. Kickham moved to Dublin to become co-editor.
The Fenians were denounced by much of mainstream Ireland, including the Catholic hierarchy.
Kickham himself, though a strong Catholic, defended the Fenians against clerical attacks, asserting that the Irish people need not accept clerical dictation on purely political issues.
His first novel Sally Cavanagh, or, The untenanted graves: a tale of Tipperary was pub in serial form 1864, as book 1869. It is a tale of love among the small farmer class, describing the results of landlordism and emigration.
He lived in family home at
Fethard St, Mullinahone.
Runs for MP, 1870: The imprisoned O'Donovan Rossa was elected MP for Co.Tipperary in a by-election 27 Nov 1869. But he was disqualified as he was a convicted felon. Another by-election called for 28 Feb 1870. Kickham was nominated. He was a reluctant candidate, refused to campaign, but still he was nearly elected. He got within 4 votes of being MP for Co.Tipperary. Got more votes than O'Donovan Rossa had, but so did the opponent.
Not a single voter from Mullinahone joined Kickham's opposition's escort to the polling station in Cashel. (Catholics could vote, but only wealthier ones.)
His great novel Knocknagow, or the homes of Tipperary was pub (partially) in serial form 1870, as book 1873. It is a drama about the land question. Love story set against backdrop of evictions, absentee landlords and their vicious land-agents. Set in the fictional place of Knocknagow, Co.Tipperary. The hero is his most famous character, Mat "the Thrasher" O'Donovan. It was perhaps the most popular Irish novel of the late 19th - early 20th century. See the movie Knocknagow (1918).
He became member of the new supreme council of the
Irish Republican Brotherhood
(IRB) by 1873.
He was President of IRB 1873 until his death 1882.
But their base of support was lost to Parnell's home rulers and the Land League. He led the IRB largely into irrelevance in these years.
His final novel For the old land: a tale of twenty years ago written mid-1870s, finished 1878, not pub until 1886. It is a story of small farmers under the old land system.
He did not marry.
Moves to Dublin, 1877:
After his nieces left Mullinahone Sept 1876, he could not bear to stay alone in Mullinahone.
He went to live with his brother Alexander in Dublin early 1877.
In Nov 1879 he went to live as a lodger at 2 St.John's Terrace, Blackrock, Co.Dublin (now Montpelier Place, Dun Laoghaire).
Also in lodgings there was the young writer Rose Kavanagh (1859-1891), age 20 and full of intellectual admiration for the Fenian veteran, now age 51.
She nursed him in his illness. He became attracted to her, but she did not feel the same. Still, she wrote a poem to him after his death, which is now on his grave: "nought could thrust aside; His lifelong love - the land whose sacred name; Throbbed to the last through his life's ebbing tide".
He dedicated his last poem to her: "Then blessed for aye be that autumn noon; In the lonely heather glen; When my heart awoke from its death-like swoon; And I felt that I lived again".
He died 11.25pm, Tue 22nd Aug 1882, St.John's Terrace, age 54 yrs.
Huge funeral, attended by many of his opponents (the mainstream nationalists).
He was bur in Catholic church yard, Mullinahone, Mon 28th Aug 1882. See his grave.
See Memorials to Charles Joseph Kickham, the Fenian.
Charles Joseph Kickham, age 48 (1876).
The Co.Tipperary anthem "Slievenamon" being sung at the homecoming after Tipperary won the All Ireland Hurling Final in 2010.
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