Part of the European community in Turkey.
See Historical background.
Drawing around 1812
of the former residence in Hacilar of Chevalier Ambroise Hermann de Cramer (died 1809).
Labelled as his widow's house:
"Mrs De Cramer's house at Hagilar"
From Abbott and Holder Ltd
For sale here
Chevalier Ambroise de Cramer
Ambroise Hermann de Cramer,
changed to Cramer,
born 10 Feb 1757, Cologne
Holy Roman Empire,
educ (in law and diplomacy)
at University of Vienna
Consul at Smyrna 1777,
mar pre-1790 to Sarah Maltass
was in the Austrian army,
in March 1799,
when France was fighting the Ottoman Empire
he defended the
French Church of St. Polycarp
at Smyrna against desecration by Turkish troops,
see account of this
for saving the church he was
of the Order of Christ
by Pope Pius VII
on 30 Sept 1802,
Hacilar was a village
(there is today a road called "Hacilarkiri Cd"
coming out of Bornova,
he died at Smyrna, 9 Nov 1809, age 52 yrs,
Sarah died pre-1844,
- Joseph Cramer.
- Frederick Cramer.
- Catharine Marguerite de Cramer,
born 7 Aug 1790,
we will follow
which has her as "Catharine Marguerite",
other sources have her as "Catherine Margaret",
"Marguerite" must be after her grandmother
she was of Austrian,
sometimes described as "Greek" but this is because
all the Europeans in Smyrna (the Greek part of Turkey)
were sometimes called "Greeks",
mentions a letter written to her when young, addressed to
"Mademoiselle Margoton de Cramer, Chagillar",
is a French version of "Marguerite",
"Chagillar" is unidentified,
mar pre-1812 in Smyrna to
Thomas Burgon [born 1 Aug 1787]
and had issue.
Miscellaneous de Cramer
We are not sure which if any of the following de Cramers
descend from Maltass.
Ernest Adolph von Cramer,
thought to be either a count or a baron,
died 1862, grave in grounds of the
Catholic Church of Santa Maria,
near the central square, Bornova,
see [Kalcas, 1983].
Frederick De Cramer, "Fritz",
mar Mary Whittall
says the De Cramer home for 4 generations "until recently demolished"
was the De Cramer House, No.1, Çiçek Sokak,
- Estelle De Cramer, born 1899,
mar Reginald Oscar Stower.
- Thelma De Cramer,
calls her "C.C.",
mar 1924 to Richard Edward Wilkinson
and had issue.
- Frederick Richard De Cramer,
mar 1stly to Denise Tissot.
Norbert De Cramer,
there is a "laisser passer" document in French
(a form of passport)
issued to him,
date 12th Aug 1863,
him then a student and Austrian count,
document now in possession of the
see [Kalcas, 1983],
mar --- Wood
and had issue:
- Fernand De Cramer, fl temp 1922.
- Erwin de Cramer,
moved to Alexandria, Egypt,
mar Lucy Adamoli,
living Maadi, Cairo, Egypt, as at 1914.
Richard De Cramer,
"the head of the last branch of the De
Cramer family in Turkey" [Kalcas, 1983],
mar Gherda ---.