Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol,
Augustus and Elizabeth both had lovers. They separated 1749. Elizabeth became a Duke's mistress (and then wife).
Augustus had many affairs around Europe, with women of all ranks. David Erskine summarises him as "the English Casanova".
His journal describes his sexual adventures. See summary.
His journal describes affairs with the (willing) inmates of the large Odivelas convent near Lisbon, Portugal. This was an actual convent, not a brothel, as has been wrongly said. John V, King of Portugal had affairs with nuns at this convent. Though David Erskine points out that the convent also had a large population of women lodging who were not nuns.
Hervey had successful career in Royal Navy.
Also prominent politician.
MP 1757 to 1775.
He served in Royal Navy in West Indies under Admiral Rodney.
He helped to capture Morro Castle at Havana, Cuba, from the Spanish at the Battle of Havana in Aug 1762, during the Seven Years' War. Cuba fell to Britain. (Cuba was returned to Spain at the Treaty of Paris in 1763 in exchange for Florida.)
Hervey was made Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean 1763, but his active life at sea ceased that year.
He was a friend of the
10th Earl of Pembroke.
The married Pembroke eloped with
She gave birth to his child in Nov 1762.
Pembroke returned to his wife in early 1763.
Hervey took Kitty in, and had an affair with her himself.
He had affair 1763 with Kitty Hunter [born 24 Apr 1740, descendant of Edward III] and had issue:
Hervey acted as godfather to Kitty's other illegitimate son Augustus Reebkomp.
His brother the 2nd Earl of Bristol was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1766. The 2nd Earl never visited Ireland, but arranged a position for Augustus.
Augustus was Chief Secretary for Ireland 1766-67.
His affair with Kitty Hunter was over before 1768, in which year he sought a divorce, but not in order to marry her. She married someone else in Feb 1770.
Hervey Bay, on Pacific Ocean, Queensland, Australia (see map) was named after him by Captain Cook in May 1770.
He served as a Lord of the Admiralty Feb 1771 to Apr 1775.
Becomes Earl of Bristol, 1775:
He succ his brother as Earl of Bristol 1775. Resigned as Lord of the Admiralty and as MP.
His separated wife, who had married again, was convicted of bigamy in 1776.
He became Vice-Admiral of the Blue 1778.
Will dated 20 May 1779. Codicils 20 May 1779 and 3 June 1779.
He died of gout at his town house in St. James's Square, London, 22 Dec 1779, age 55 yrs.
He did NOT die in Sept 1779. See [Walpole letter, Dec 1779].
He had no surviving legitimate issue. (Little Augustus would have been 4th Earl if legitimate.)
He was bur Ickworth Church (see images).
Statement about will of deceased sworn 23 Dec 1779. Will proved 24 December 1779.
Left everything he could (income and papers) to Little Augustus. Couldn't leave him Ickworth (it was entailed with the Earldom). Little Augustus only lived 3 more years.
Letter of 1 Jan 1780 from Walpole to the Countess of Upper Ossory.
From p.300 of the same.
Letter of 3 Jan 1780 from Walpole to the Countess of Upper Ossory.
From p.302 of the same.
Little Augustus in list of portraits at Ickworth.
From pp.207-208 of [Farrer, 1908].
"H. and S." means head and shoulders. "S" means small size.
Lord Mulgrave is Constantine Phipps, 2nd Baron Mulgrave, who must be this Edward Phipps' uncle, not Augustus Hervey's uncle.
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