Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys,
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Augustus Reebkomp (later Montgomery),
Illegitimate son of 10th Earl of Pembroke, born "Augustus Reebkomp":
Reebkomp was the illegitimate son of the 10th Earl of Pembroke.
It is about as well-documented an illegitimacy as you could imagine, and about as well-accepted by the legitimate family. Even Lady Pembroke generously welcomed him at their seat Wilton House (though she blocked his adoption of the surname Herbert).
He was liked especially by his half-brother George (the future 11th Earl), who had no other brother.
Money came out of the Herbert family for them for almost a full hundred years.
Think he grew up mainly at Wilton.
Not sure how much contact he had with his mother Kitty Hunter. The Earl of Pembroke paid her a pension. Presumably she did not visit Wilton. But they stayed in contact. Her new lover the (future) Earl of Bristol was Reebkomp's godfather, and her eventual husband Alured Clarke stayed in contact with Reebkomp (and with the Montgomery family, after Reebkomp's death).
He is referred to in letters as "Reeb" or "Rep:".
He was educ Eton 1767-71.
Royal Navy career:
He entered Royal Navy as child.
First record is June 1773, age 10.
See Royal Navy career of Augustus Montgomery 1773 to 1797.
He was in England and present at Wilton House during the Royal visit 1778.
He sailed to North America 1779.
He served in American Revolutionary War, 1779 to 1783.
There was a story among his Gibbon descendants that he went on the
with his half-brother the future 11th Earl.
[Pembroke Papers, vol.I]
shows no sign of him on his brother's lengthy tour (which was in 1775-80).
The 11th Earl sat for a portrait by Greuze in Paris in 1780, and Reebkomp had a matching portrait of himself painted by Greuze. However [Pembroke Papers, vol.I] shows no sign of him in Paris with his brother in 1780. More likely it was painted after he went on leave in 1783.
Captain, takes the name "Augustus Montgomery":
He took the surname "Montgomery" on receiving his commission as Captain in 1782.
American Revolutionary War ended Sept 1783.
He went on leave in Sept 1783 for nearly 5 years.
says he joined Lady Pembroke at Nice
in Nov 1783.
[Pembroke Papers] says that when out of the Navy, in 1783-88, Augustus spent his time between England and the Continent.
His half-brother the 11th Earl defends him against some worries by their father, in a letter of 3 Apr 1787: "he is going on very well, living a great deal in a circle of very good acquaintance, whom he likes, and who like him ... rejoice at his being a thorough worthy and pleasant being, which he most undoubtedly is." [Pembroke Papers, vol.2, p.346]
Serves in Mediterranean, meets wife:
He re-joined active service in the Navy in 1788.
He served in the Mediterranean in 1790-91. Presumably in the Eastern Mediterranean, and that is how he met his wife.
May 1791, leave (got married, George conceived).
to Susan Maltass [born est c.1770].
Marriage was settled by his father the 10th Earl.
The 11th Earl writes to his mother, 27 Aug 1793, saying that Reebkomp's marriage is not happy: "A Wasp's Nest there very likely is, but I fear she has been herself insupportable to him, and she is such an execrable fool, that I am inclined to fear there are but small hopes, and I have likewise heard enough to make me suspect that her conduct has not always been the most regular in any respect." [Pembroke Papers, vol.2, p.489]
However, Reebkomp in his will 1796 still refers to "my beloved wife Susan".
His father the 10th Earl died in Jan 1794.
Nov 1795, leave (Elizabeth conceived).
His will is dated 13 June 1796, written on board his ship the Theseus at sea.
Augustus died on board his ship the Theseus at Cawsand Bay, Plymouth, 6th Feb 1797, age 34 yrs.
There was apparently no fighting so he may have died of some illness.
He was bur 16th Feb 1797 in churchyard of Stoke Damerel church, Plymouth. No monument erected to him there.
His will was proved (by 11th Earl) 11th Mar 1797, Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
There were family names Augustus, Augusta and Montgomery in the Gibbon family after him.
His widow Susan lived on for many years.
She was living Paris at time of her death in 1851.
Note her mother
Susan, "otherwise Suzanne", is listed as residing at 62 rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin, Paris at time of her death [SOG document]. Listed as "widow, householder".
Her will dated 12th Dec 1850 [SOG document].
She died 12th July 1851, age est c.81 yrs [letter to Arthur Augustus Gibbon 27th Dec 1882].
Admin of estate 14th July 1853, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, "All property to her son Augustin Henry Saladin Montgomery".
Augustus and Susan had issue:
(Left) Detail of a portrait of her father by Florence Gibbon. See full size.
(Right) Detail of our copy of the Reebkomp portrait. See full size.
Seems to be the same style.
Florence must have been allowed in to Wilton around the turn of the century to copy it.
Rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin (now rue Saint-Augustin), Paris, on 1864 map.
Inscription on a book given to Elizabeth Montgomery (age 11) on 21 Oct 1807 by "the Dowager Lady Pembroke".
This is Elizabeth Spencer, widow of the 10th Earl of Pembroke, who is being remarkably generous to the daughter of her husband's natural son.
See full size.
The book is Fables by John Gay.
See title page.
"I am glad Lord P. [Pembroke] provided well for them [George and Elizabeth]
and he was obviously very fond of them."
[Letter from 16th Earl of Pembroke, 1960] after making contact with the Gibbon descendants of Elizabeth Montgomery.
The 10th Earl died after George was born but before Elizabeth existed.
It was the 11th Earl who really provided for them.