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Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

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Our common ancestors - Fitzgerald - Contents


  

Sir John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald, Dean of Cloyne



Sir John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald (see here),
born 1527.
He mar Honor O'Brien [descendant of Brian Boru].
He became Dean of Cloyne (after his father), confirmed in 1566 [Hayter-Hames, 2016]. His family were lay Deans of Cloyne, not clergy. They treated the job as an inherited title.

He stayed loyal to the Crown during the First Desmond Rebellion 1569.
Sheriff of Co.Cork 1569.
After helping suppress the rebellion in 1569 he had to leave Cloyne. He petitioned London for a reward.
He was confirmed in the ownership of Cloyne, Co.Cork, in 1575.
He built a new house at Cloyne, called the manor house, later the Bishop's Palace, later Cloyne House. A Fitzgerald stone dated 1578 was on the building. Cloyne House survives, much altered.
Included in the Cloyne lands was Ballymaloe Castle, near Cloyne, Co.Cork.
Cloyne was his town house and Ballymaloe his country seat.

He again fought against the rebels in the Second Desmond Rebellion 1579 to 1583. His forces manned 6 castles. There was much destruction of his property. Cloyne was burnt.
Sir Walter Raleigh was also involved in the suppression of the rebellion, and became a close friend of Fitzgerald.
The rebellion was defeated 1583.
Fitzgerald was MP for Co.Cork 1585.
He had extensive lands across Co.Cork. He helped develop the town of Midleton, Co.Cork.
Conformed to the Protestant church, but tolerated Catholic clergy at Cloyne and in his other lands.
The Nine Years' War (1593 to 1603) was fought mainly in Ulster, but there was rebellion in Munster also.
Fitzgerald again remained loyal to the Crown.

Knighted in 1602:
Fitzgerald was knighted by The Lord Deputy, Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy, in 1602.
Mountjoy was returning to Dublin from the Battle of Kinsale (ended Jan 1602). He visited Fitzgerald at Cloyne on 7 Mar 1602 (regarded at the time as the end of 1601). Fitzgerald grandly entertained him, and was knighted by him.

He died 15 Jan 1612, aged 85 yrs [inscription on tomb].
Buried in Cloyne Cathedral, with a monument.
See biography.
Sir John and Honor had issue:


  1. Sir Edmund Fitzgerald,
    or Edmond, eldest son, born 1569,
    of Cloyne and Ballymaloe, Co.Cork.




Two Fitzgerald stones, dated 1578 and 1581, described as existing at the Bishop's Palace, Cloyne (now Cloyne House) in 1813.
From a Ms by William Bennet, Bishop of Cloyne (died 1820).
Ms printed on p.3 of [Brady's Records of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, vol.3, 1864].



Inscriptions on Sir John's tomb at Cloyne.
Early 1612 was regarded at the time as the end of 1611.
Photo 2019. See full size.


  

Cloyne, Co.Cork

  

Cloyne on p.126 of [Taylor and Skinner, 1777].
S is approximately up.



Cloyne on 1829 to 1842 map.
See modern street view of Cathedral.


  

Contemporary papers

  

An incident in 1567-1568 where "John Fytz Edmund, Dean of Cloyne" protected some Commissioners from "kerne" in Munster.
He and "Lord Barrymore" led them to safety at Barry's Court.
This is in the build-up to the Desmond Rebellions.
"Lord Barrymore" would be James de Barry, 4th Viscount Buttevant, who in fact soon afterwards joined the rebels in the Desmond Rebellions.
Letter of 14 Jan 1568, from Cork, enclosed in letter from Dublin Castle to London, 23 Jan 1568. Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, [NA.UK], SP 63, vol.23, no. 16.
Image from p.360 of the published Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, vol.1 (1509-1573), pub 1860.
See preview from here.



In 1568, the Earl of Desmond (the rebel Earl), imprisoned in the Tower of London, writes to both John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald, Seneschal of Imokilly and John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald, Dean of Cloyne, asking for them to help collect the rents and keep the peace.
Letter of 18 Nov 1568. Calendar of State Papers, Ireland.
Image from p.395 of the above.



Sir Walter Raleigh recommends Fitzgerald to the Earl of Leicester for his loyalty during the Desmond Rebellions.
Letter of around 1582 in the Second Desmond Rebellion.
Note from p.239 of Researches in the south of Ireland, Thomas Crofton Croker, 1824.



John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald receives James Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Desmond to Ireland in Oct 1600, and hosts him at Cloyne. [Hayter-Hames, 2016] notes that he was probably hosted at the country house, Ballymaloe near Cloyne.
The Crown had restored the Earldom of Desmond to James, son of the rebel Earl, and sent him to Ireland in the hope of reducing support for rebellion in Munster.
Letter of 21 Oct 1600 from James Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Desmond, to Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury.
From p.485 of Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Mar-Oct 1600, pub 1903.



John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald himself writes soon after to Cecil, on 23 Dec 1600 from Cloyne, reporting on how he received the new Earl of Desmond.
He had been in Dublin for safety due to the rebellious state of Munster, but returned to his house at Cloyne to receive Desmond.
He vows to continue to fight against rebellion.
From p.100 of Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Nov 1600 to July 1601, pub 1905.


  

The 1602 stone at Ballymaloe

Sir John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald was knighted by The Lord Deputy, Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy, at Cloyne on 7 Mar 1602 (regarded at the time as the end of 1601).
A stone commemorating this survives at Ballymaloe Castle near Cloyne.
[Hayter-Hames, 2016] notes that Mountjoy was probably hosted at the country house, Ballymaloe Castle near Cloyne, rather than the town house, Cloyne Castle.
It was at Ballymaloe that the stone was erected.
The stone survives and is now set into the back wall of Ballymaloe House, in a section that is now indoors.



Wide view of the 1602 stone at Ballymaloe.
Photo 2019. See full size.



The 1602 stone at Ballymaloe.
Photo 2019. See full size.



Note about the knighting of Sir John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald in 1602.
From p.536 in [JRSAI, 1869-73].




Extract from Pacata Hibernia by Thomas Stafford (1633).
This is from pp.136-137 of vol.2 of 1896 edn.


  
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