Sir John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald (see here),
stayed loyal to the Crown during the
First Desmond Rebellion
Sheriff of Co.Cork 1569.
After helping suppress the rebellion in 1569 he had to leave Cloyne. He petitioned London for a reward.
He was confirmed in the ownership of Cloyne, Co.Cork, in 1575.
He built a new house at Cloyne, called the manor house, later the Bishop's Palace, later Cloyne House. A Fitzgerald stone dated 1578 was on the building. Cloyne House survives, much altered.
Included in the Cloyne lands was Ballymaloe Castle, near Cloyne, Co.Cork.
Cloyne was his town house and Ballymaloe his country seat.
He again fought against the rebels in the
Second Desmond Rebellion
1579 to 1583.
His forces manned 6 castles.
There was much destruction of his property.
Cloyne was burnt.
Sir Walter Raleigh was also involved in the suppression of the rebellion, and became a close friend of Fitzgerald.
The rebellion was defeated 1583.
Fitzgerald was MP for Co.Cork 1585.
He had extensive lands across Co.Cork. He helped develop the town of Midleton, Co.Cork.
Conformed to the Protestant church, but tolerated Catholic clergy at Cloyne and in his other lands.
The Nine Years' War (1593 to 1603) was fought mainly in Ulster, but there was rebellion in Munster also.
Fitzgerald again remained loyal to the Crown.
In 1568, the Earl of Desmond (the rebel Earl), imprisoned in the Tower of London, writes to both John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald, Seneschal of Imokilly and John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald, Dean of Cloyne, asking for them to help collect the rents and keep the peace.
Letter of 18 Nov 1568. Calendar of State Papers, Ireland.
Image from p.395 of the above.
Sir Walter Raleigh recommends Fitzgerald to the Earl of Leicester for his loyalty during the Desmond Rebellions.
Letter of around 1582 in the Second Desmond Rebellion.
Note from p.239 of Researches in the south of Ireland, Thomas Crofton Croker, 1824.
John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald receives James Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Desmond to Ireland in Oct 1600, and hosts him at Cloyne. [Hayter-Hames, 2016] notes that he was probably hosted at the country house, Ballymaloe near Cloyne.
The Crown had restored the Earldom of Desmond to James, son of the rebel Earl, and sent him to Ireland in the hope of reducing support for rebellion in Munster.
Letter of 21 Oct 1600 from James Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Desmond, to Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury.
From p.485 of Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Mar-Oct 1600, pub 1903.
John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald himself writes soon after to Cecil, on 23 Dec 1600 from Cloyne, reporting on how he received the new Earl of Desmond.
He had been in Dublin for safety due to the rebellious state of Munster, but returned to his house at Cloyne to receive Desmond.
He vows to continue to fight against rebellion.
From p.100 of Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, Nov 1600 to July 1601, pub 1905.
The 1602 stone at Ballymaloe.
Photo 2019. See full size.
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