Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

Our common ancestors - Herbert - Contents

Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke

The 9th Earl.
Etching by James Bretherton, published 1762.
See full size. From NPG. See terms of use.

Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke,
6th Earl of Montgomery, "The Architect Earl",
born 1688.
See thepeerage and and wikipedia and wikitree.
He was educ Christ Church, Oxford. Matric 4 May 1705.

He built the family's town house, Pembroke House, Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London, in 1723-24.
He helped design Marble Hill House, on the Thames near Richmond, for Henrietta Howard, Countess of Suffolk in 1724-1729.
He stayed unmarried a long time. Did not marry until after father died and he succeeded.
See [Letter of 1728] speculating on whether he would marry. Interestingly, Mary Fitzwilliam is mentioned in the same paragraph.
He succ Jan 1733.

He mar 28 Aug 1733 [him age 45, her age 25] to Mary Fitzwilliam [bapt 8 Sept 1707, descendant of Edward III].
Settlement between Herbert and Fitzwilliam and others about marriage dated 18 Jan 1734 [using new style year, note that at the time this was regarded as the end of 1733].
He landscaped the gardens at Wilton.
He removed the formal gardens that were to the S of the house.

Westminster Bridge, London:
The 9th Earl helped organise the building of Westminster Bridge in London (parliamentary approval in 1736, built in 1739-50), changing the face of London.
This was only the second bridge in central London, after centuries of London Bridge being the only bridge.
(We are not counting Putney Bridge, some way out of the city to the W.)

He designed and built in 1737 the Palladian Bridge over the river to the S of the house.
He refers to his wife affectionately as "rib" in [Letter of 1738].
Fellow of the Royal Society 15 Dec 1743.
He had a mistress, Rebecca Abbott. He paid her an annual allowance, and left a payment to her in his will [Lever, 1967, p.153].
His will dated 11 July 1744.

9th Earl dies, 1750:
He died at Pembroke House, London, 9 Jan 1750 [new style year, at the time regarded as end of 1749]. Grave says age 61.
See [Letter by Horace Walpole, 10 Jan 1750] which gives an account of his death and says he had a terrible temper.
He was bur 16 Jan 1750 at Wilton parish church. Grave says 1749. That is old style year.
His will pr 17 Jan 1750, Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
Mary re-married soon after, in 1751.
9th Earl and Mary had issue:

  1. Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke,
    born July 1734, Pembroke House, London.
    See [Complete Peerage] for discussion of whether he is born 3 July or 16 July.
    See his ancestors by Leo van de Pas.
    See his 18 descents from Edward III by Leo van de Pas.

9th Earl. By William Hoare. 1738 or shortly after.
From here.

Queen Caroline says in 1737 (shortly before her death) that the 9th Earl is "as odd as his father was, not so tractable, and full as mad."
From p.450 of vol.2 of 1848 edn of Lord John Hervey's memoirs.

Walpoliana (Horace Walpole miscellany), published 1800, pp.51-52, recalls the 9th Earl (died 1750).




Pembroke House, Whitehall, London, when first built by the 9th Earl in 1724.
See full size.
From p.48 of [Campbell, vol.3, 1725].

Marble Hill House, on the Thames near Richmond (see map and street view).
Photo 2006. From here.
See more images.

Westminster Bridge, London.
Painted in 1747 (bridge not yet finished) by Canaletto.
See larger and full size.
From here.

The Complete Peerage


9th Earl in [Complete Peerage].



Sources yet to be consulted


"That the rich blood, which in thy veins has run,
Descends thro' thee, untainted to thy Son."

- Part of inscription on 9th Earl's tomb, which talks about his illustrious ancestors, and their blood descending "untainted" to his son the 10th Earl.


Donation Drive

Please donate to support this site. I have spent a great deal of time and money on this research. Research involves travel and many expenses. Some research "things to do" are not done for years, because I do not have the money to do them.
Please Donate Here to support the ongoing research and to keep this website free.

Help       Conventions       Abbreviations       How to read the trees

Privacy policy       Adoption policy       Image re-use policy       New 250 G VPS server.