Humphrys genealogy

Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys.

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Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke



The 9th Earl.
Etching by James Bretherton, published 1762.
See full size. From NPG. See terms of use.



Henry Herbert, 9th Earl of Pembroke,
6th Earl of Montgomery, "The Architect Earl",
born c.1688-1689.
See thepeerage and genealogics.org and wikipedia and wikitree.
He was educ Christ Church, Oxford. Matric 4 May 1705.

He built the family's town house, Pembroke House, Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London, in 1723-24.
He helped design Marble Hill House, on the Thames near Richmond, for Henrietta Howard, Countess of Suffolk in 1724-1729.
He stayed unmarried a long time. Did not marry until after father died and he succeeded.
See [Letter of 1728] speculating on whether he would marry. Interestingly, Mary Fitzwilliam is mentioned in the same paragraph.
He succ Jan 1733.

He mar 28 Aug 1733 [him age c.44-45, her age 25] to Mary Fitzwilliam [bapt 8 Sept 1707, descendant of Edward III].
Settlement between Herbert and Fitzwilliam and others about marriage dated 18 Jan 1734 [using new style year, note that at the time this was regarded as the end of 1733].
He landscaped the gardens at Wilton.
He removed the formal gardens that were to the S of the house.

Westminster Bridge, London:
The 9th Earl helped organise the building of Westminster Bridge in London (parliamentary approval in 1736, built in 1739-50), changing the face of London.
This was only the second bridge in central London, after centuries of London Bridge being the only bridge.
(We are not counting Putney Bridge, some way out of the city to the W.)

He designed and built in 1737 the Palladian Bridge over the river to the S of the house.
He refers to his wife affectionately as "rib" in [Letter of 1738].
Fellow of the Royal Society 15 Dec 1743.
He had a mistress, Rebecca Abbott. He paid her an annual allowance, and left a payment to her in his will [Lever, 1967, p.153].
His will dated 11 July 1744.

9th Earl dies, 1750:
He died at Pembroke House, London, 9 Jan 1750 [at the time this was regarded as the end of 1749], age c.61-62 yrs.
See [Letter by Horace Walpole, 10 Jan 1750] which gives an account of his death and says he had a terrible temper.
He was bur 16 Jan 1750 at Wilton parish church. See grave.
His will pr 17 January 1750, Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
Mary re-married.
9th Earl and Mary had issue:


  1. Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke,
    born July 1734, Pembroke House, London.
    See [Complete Peerage] for discussion of whether he is born 3 July or 16 July.
    See his ancestors by Leo van de Pas.
    See his 18 descents from Edward III by Leo van de Pas.





9th Earl. By William Hoare. 1738 or shortly after.
From here.



Queen Caroline says in 1737 (shortly before her death) that the 9th Earl is "as odd as his father was, not so tractable, and full as mad."
From p.450 of vol.2 of 1848 edn of Lord John Hervey's memoirs.



Walpoliana (Horace Walpole miscellany), published 1800, pp.51-52, recalls the 9th Earl (died 1750).


  

Architecture

  

Pembroke House, Whitehall, London, when first built by the 9th Earl in 1724.
See full size.
From p.48 of [Campbell, vol.3, 1725].



Marble Hill House, on the Thames near Richmond (see map and street view).
Photo 2006. From here.
See more images.



Westminster Bridge, London.
Painted in 1747 (bridge not yet finished) by Canaletto.
See larger and full size.
From here.




Bust of 9th Earl by Roubillac



Bust of 9th Earl, around the time of his death in 1750, by Roubillac.
On loan to Victoria and Albert Museum, Sculpture Hall.
Photo 2012. See full size and wider shot and label.
This was formerly on his grave at Wilton parish church. It was sold to establish a trust for church maintenance. A copy of this bust is now on his grave.



Close-up of above.
See larger and full size.
From here. See terms of use.



Copy of above bust of 9th Earl, on his grave, Wilton parish church.
Photo 1999. See larger and full size.
From jmc4 on Flickr. Used with permission.



Grave of 9th Earl, Wilton parish church.
See full size.
From jmc4 on Flickr. Used with permission.


  

The Complete Peerage

  



9th Earl in [Complete Peerage].




References

  


Sources yet to be consulted

  

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