educ at Christian Brothers, Limerick
[Lavelle, 1961, p.18].
This is confirmed by
letter of 1910.
thought he was
CBS, Spanish Point, Co.Clare.
But this is confusion with a story in
[Lavelle, 1961, pp.17-18]
of him staying with Christian Brothers on holiday in Spanish Point.
He was educ
Crescent College (Jesuits),
Limerick. He is in their records from 1882 (no end date recorded).
Clongowes Wood College (Jesuits).
School register says he was there 1888-92.
He went up to Clongowes with his younger brother Paddy in 1888.
28 Aug 1888
talks of bringing "the boys" to Clongowes.
He became friends with The O'Rahilly there.
Writing from Clongowes: "We go to bed every night at 8.30 and get up,
it seems to me, about 3, but the fellows call it half-past 6".
Dr. David Humphrys
since early 1890s, when both were single in Limerick.
(His daughter would much later marry Dr. David's son.)
After school, he went to work in the family business, O'Mara's bacon factory.
educ Royal University of Ireland,
studied for university at home after work.
1st Arts, RUI, summer 1893.
1st Eng, RUI, summer 1893, 1st class hons, 1st place in Ireland.
2nd Eng, RUI, 1st place in Ireland.
Move to London, 1893:
He worked as a
in the thriving family business.
sent to London in late 1893 as
agent for O'Mara's Bacon Company
after his uncle Jim died in July 1893.
James writes on 2 Nov 1893
London office of O'Mara's.
He writes on 2 Mar 1894
from London and
Think this is his friend
Dr. David Humphrys.
Both of them single at this point.
Dr. David is also apparently mentioned in O'Mara family letter of
11 Oct 1893.
couldn't find time to continue studies after went to London.
Had to postpone RUI studies for business.
He writes on 6 June 1894
from London and
"I have given up studying."
Listed as "Agent", living 35 Norfolk St,
London, at time of marriage 1895.
Norfolk Street, Holborn,
which is now gone,
but was between Arundel Street and Surrey Street
was returned again unopposed for
Kilkenny South, 20 Jan 1906, in
UK general election, Jan-Feb 1906.
He was still living
30 Maida Hill West, Maida Vale, as at Apr 1906.
his 7 year old dau Pat
(think from her grandfather).
"Will you tell your Dad I wish him every success with the St.Pat's Bill.
I was sorry to see the opposition it met with."
He was still living
30 Maida Hill West, Maida Vale
as at postcard of June 1907.
James corresponded with The O'Rahilly, now in the US and,
like James, growing strongly pro-Sinn Fein.
resigned from the Home Rule party June 1907 to join
One of the first to do so.
The start of the swing towards Arthur Griffith's party.
resigned as MP
(by-election to replace him held 29 July 1907).
Sinn Fein was more an idea than a party at this point.
said he had to leave Parliament:
"the British were so charming, I would have been won over to them!"
See his many contributions to parliament 1901-07.
James and Agnes moved autumn 1907 to
College Rd, Dulwich, London,
lived there until 1914.
Children born and grew up London,
came over to Ireland to stay with their grandparents in Limerick,
and holiday in Kilkee, Co.Clare.
It was NOT him who
resigned as a trustee of the Home Rule party 1908
(that was his father).
He subscribed to The O'Rahilly's efforts to revive the daily
Sinn Fein newspaper
Sinn Fein TD, Director of Elections, Trustee of Dail funds:
Director of Finance
for Sinn Fein 1918.
He was the
4th and last Sinn Fein Director of Elections for their stunning victory in the
Dec 1918 general election
all 3 of his predecessors having been successively jailed.
massive election victory made independence inevitable.
"It was perhaps of all his work
for the national cause that of which he was most proud."
He was himself elected
Sinn Fein TD for
Dec 1918 election,
with over 80 percent of the vote. W.T. Cosgrave won in
He was a
member of the First Dail,
but was not at its very first meeting in Jan 1919.
at the Dail's first meeting on 21 Jan 1919,
"Séamus Ó Meaghra"
A commemorative poster
says he was absent through illness.
He moved his
summer house in 1919 to
Cashel House, Co.Galway,
on Cashel Bay.
Went to US, 1919-21:
went to US Oct 1919
to join de Valera (there since June 1919)
to campaign for recognition of the new Irish republic, and raise funds.
He went as a stowaway, because denied an exit visa by Britain.
hid among lifeboats, helped by two of the crew.
He and de Valera
spent subsequent period mobilising support of Irish in America.
Huge fund raising drive (the Irish Republican Loan)
for the new self-declared Republic,
and campaign for its recognition,
while War of Independence raged at home.
Republican Loan film, 1919
made by his brother-in-law
"James O'Mara, Treasurer of the Government of which de Valera is President,
has arrived from Ireland to take part in the Loan campaign ..
Apparently he came by the same mysterious methods as did Mr.de Valera,
both having been denied passports by the British Government"
[a New York evening paper, 2nd Dec 1919].
"The Irish-American leaders in New York understood him to be a millionaire,
which gave him a status with them that none of the rest of us enjoyed"[McCartan, 1932].
Agnes was also denied a passport, but managed to join him in America for a time.
She sailed to US to see him, with her dau Pat, in Apr 1920.
He was founder member of American Association for the Recognition of the Irish Republic (AARIR) 1920.
De Valera returned to Ireland Dec 1920.
Jim persuaded to stay on in US.
Convention of the AARIR,
Chicago, Apr 1921.
He had disagreements with de Valera.
He resigned his position in the US,
his trusteeship of the Dail funds and his Dail seat, May 1921.
returned to Ireland
July 1921 (as the truce was being signed).
They had raised $10 m
(about $500 m in
funding the War of Independence
and the Dail.
They had not got official US recognition for the Irish Republic,
but America had brought strong pressure on Britain to call a truce and negotiate.
supported the Treaty Dec 1921,
but took no side in civil war
(any of his family that did take a side were, however, Republican).
tried to speak to de Valera:
"Now you will want your friends around you",
and de Valera waved him away and said:
"Not you any way".
"It was nearly 20 years before they spoke to each other again"[Lavelle, 1961].
appointed the first
Irish Ambassador to the USA
by the provisional Free State government, Feb 1922.
Only served for a few months.
selected but declined to contest
June 1922 general election.
He was appalled by the Civil War.
"The disillusion of that time was soul-searing.
Disillusion came quicker to Dad than to most of his fellows,
because he now stood alone - an outsider -
looking on at the debacle of all he had helped to build"[Lavelle, 1961].
He was close friends with
(killed July 1922)
(killed Aug 1922).
He tried desperately to stop the execution without trial of his friend
Liam Mellows, Dec 1922, which
"left the longest and most bitter memory of all the bitter memories of the civil war"[Lavelle, 1961].
His dau Eithne said that after this he came home and tore up all his things.
in [Thom's Irish Who's Who, 1923]
lists him as "R.C.S."
Think this means member of
Royal Colonial Society.
In retirement in 1930s, James and Agnes went on cruises
with the two unmarried daughters
Maureen and Sheila,
who both found husbands on board ship.
See cruises to West Indies in
1934 and 1935.
They travelled in North and South America, North Africa, Middle East.
James sold Donnelly's
to his brother Phons
in mid-late 1940s.
They celebrated their Golden Jubilee
[50 yrs married] in April 1945 at Cashel House.
has an invite to De Valera.
So clearly they were on friendly terms again.
He had black hair, red moustache.
"Steen", Stephen C. O'Mara,
born 10 Sept 1896, Epsom, Surrey.
educ Clongowes (like his father).
He is listed
in 1911 census
with other boarders at Clongowes.
His family is in England.
It incorrectly states he was born Co.Limerick.
educ Georgetown University,
He arrived at
Ellis Island, NY,
with his father on 22 Nov 1915
on the St.Paul from Liverpool.
See [Lavelle, 1961].
At this point,
(the adopted child of his great-granduncle William Kickham)
was alive and living in
Wonder did they ever meet.
He fought on Republican side in Irish civil war 1922-23.
He was captured June 1922. He was not closely guarded,
escaped and came home.
Living at home in Killiney
at mother's death 1958.
He died 9 Aug 1972, St. John of God's Hospital, Stillorgan, Co. Dublin,
age 75 yrs, bur Glasnevin.
Patricia Mary Kathleen,
wedding invite has "Patricia Kathleen Mary",
born 23 July 1898, Sydenham, London.
educ Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham.
she joined Cumann na mBan.
She remembers in [Lavelle, 1961]
how nervous she was going to tell her father.
educ TCD, did not get degree.
educ National University
(Science), think at Galway, did not get degree.
She met Dick Lavelle when both at UCG, her studying Science, him studying Medicine.
They possibly first met at Barfield c.1918.
On her passport
dated 5 March 1920
it gives occupation: "University student".
After her father had gone to US with de Valera,
sailed to US (with her mother) to see her father in Apr 1920, age 21.
On board ship she wrote:
"We have a dance every night; all kind of nationalities here
.. I have danced with a Swede, a Norwegian, a Greek, a Bulgarian, an American - isn't that funny?"
spent some time in summer 1920 in New York.
She and Dick got engaged think late 1920.
didn't get married until he got his first job.
In winter of 1920-21, with their parents still in the US, Pat and Steen put up IRA men on the run
from the British in Fitzwilliam Place,
and allowed Sinn Fein committees to hold their (illegal) meetings there.
Their father didn't hear of all this for months afterwards, and was not happy when he did.
She mar 2 Jan 1924
to Dick Lavelle and had issue.
They mar at St.Andrew's church, Westland Row, Dublin.
Pat researched family tree.
author of biography of her father.
Maureen Agnes O'Mara,
born 13 Dec 1901.
Member of Cumann na mBan
in War of Independence 1919-21.
Nurse at Mater Hospital.
Nurse at Cork St Hospital, The Coombe, temp 1925-26.
Holles St maternity hospital.
She wit her sister Eileen's mar 1929.
She is living at The Grove at mar.
mar 29 Sept 1937
[her age 35, him age 43]
to Dr. George Duggan [born 22 July 1894]
and had issue.
They met on a cruise. He was ship's doctor.
They mar at Ballybrack church, Killiney (near The Grove).
See mar cert
Eibhlin Mary O'Mara,
born 7 Aug 1903.
Listed as "Eiblin A. M. O'Mara" in
She was educ Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham, Co.Dublin.
She was educ in Paris.
She wit her aunt Helen Cashel's
She was educ UCD. She became an architect. B.Arch. UCD 1929.
She was said to be
the first female architect to qualify at UCD.
At mar she is living The Grove.
She mar 30 July 1929 to Dr. Alec Spain
[poss. descendant of Edward III]
and had issue.
They mar at Ballybrack RC church, Killiney, Co.Dublin,
by her uncle
Fr. Paddy O'Mara.
See mar cert
Dr. Una O'Mara,
born 19 Jan 1905.
Listed as "Una M. M. O'Mara" in
educ Loreto Abbey, Rathfarnham, Co.Dublin.
She became a doctor, educ NUI.
MB, B.Ch., B.A.O., 1930 [NOT 1929].
She never practiced.
She mar 1932 to Dr. John Shanley
[born 17 Sept 1895].
Sheila Mary, born 23 May 1906.
She was educ at school in Cambridge,
must be St.Mary's.
She was educ in Paris.
BA (Economics) Oct 1929.
She wit Maureen's mar 1937.
mar 16 Feb 1944 [her age 37, him age 47]
to Capt. George Rice. No issue.
They mar at
Ballybrack RC church
They were mar
by her uncle Fr. Paddy O'Mara.
Eithne Maire O'Mara,
"Eithne Mary" on passport,
born 14 Oct 1908, family home,
Passport is wrong to say born Co.Dublin.
was apparently offered a baronetcy
if he would support conscription in 1918,
and he refused.
If he had accepted, he would have been the 1st Baronet.
James would have been the 2nd Baronet.
Steen would have been the 3rd Baronet. Michael would have been the 4th Baronet.
James O'Mara (LHS) arriving in America in Mar 1922
as a representative of the new Irish Free State.
and full size.
Date 17 Mar 1922.
James O'Mara and
(executed by the Free State in December 1922).
Mellows was a good friend, and O'Mara tried desperately to stop his execution.
and full size.
Original from Capuchin Annual 1972.
This did not progress.
It was presumably overtaken by the
Sale Of Intoxicating Liquors (Ireland) Bill, which
25 May 1906.
See the Intoxicating Liquors (Ireland) Act 1906.
But this does not mention St. Patrick's Day.
The 1924 debate shows the pubs stayed open on St. Patrick's Day (until 1924).
The Free State finally closed the pubs on St. Patrick's Day in 1924,
but James O'Mara was apparently not involved.
The bill was introduced on 30 May 1924
by Kevin O'Higgins.
James O'Mara is not involved and does not speak.
It is a government bill, not his bill.
"At present St. Patrick's Day is the same as an ordinary week day",
which confirms that O'Mara's bill of 1906 did not pass.
See further debates.
It was thought that May, born maybe c.1890,
might be a relation,
either on O'Mara or Cashel side.
But this is probably Jim King,
OC of the IRA Roundstone Batallion,
who I have established had a wife Mary.
Our family would have known them through politics.
or James King,
from Roundstone, Co.Galway.
says he was a native of Roundstone, brother of John King,
later moved to Co.Kildare.
This is probably James and John
in Roundstone in 1901 census.
James would be born 1893, son of James King, farmer, and wife Anne.
And then James listed
in 1911 census. (John left home.)
Jim was OC of the IRA Roundstone Batallion as at 1920-21.
He would have known Alice Cashel
and probably the O'Maras.
He mar Mary ---- [Mary Gertrude, born 1891].
He moved to Beechgrove, Donadea, Co.Kildare. BMH records
give his address as Donadea, Co.Kildare.
Mary died 1961.
See death cert
See death notice in
April 21, 1961.
Jim died 1976.
Death notice in
13 Aug 1976.
They had issue:
mar pre-1961 to --- Caldwell, or Coldwell.
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